Wednesday, 26 June 2013

HERTFORDSHIRE. Lock-ups at Anstey, Ashwell, Barley, Buntingford and Shenley.

There are five lock-ups of varying design left in Hertfordshire to my knowledge.
I am very grateful to Paul Marston for information and for allowing me to copy his Waymarking photographs.
 
The curious lock-up at Anstey is built into the lychgate of the village church
at St George's End, SH9 0BY. It dates to 1831 but may have replaced an earlier structure.
 
 
 
ANSTEY

OS Grid Reference: TL4043132850
OS Grid Coordinates: 540431, 232850
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9764, 0.0432

 
Photo's by Paul Marston with expressed permission.
 
 
It was Grade 11 listed 22.2.1967 (No.160225) and described as:
 
Lychgate incorporating a lockup. C15 or earlier, lockup enclosed in
flint and brick walls in 1831. Timber frame on red brick sill walls
uncoursed flint with grey brick quoins to lockup, and hipped old red
tile roof with gablets. A small, single-storey rectangular structure
facing S, open below except where the square lockup occupies the E
2/5ths, entered from N. 3 heavy chamfered square posts in line on the
central long axis support the rest of the structure. Arched knee-braces
in the head of the central opening, with a narrower W side-bay. The
posts stand on sill-beams aligned N-S with struts to the posts. A
longitudinal beam links the heads of the posts and carries 3 heavy
cross-ties braced from the posts. The single-framed collar rafter roof
stands on heavy wallplates carried on the crossties. The wallplate at
the NE corner has head mortice for a corner-post and brace, suggesting
that a timber-framed enclosure or lockup preceded the flint-walled one.
This has thick boards as a ceiling and a boarded door with barred
fanlight. In use as the parish cage up to the early C20. (RCHM (1911)35:
Pevsner (1977)72).
Listing NGR: TL4043132850
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence: PSI Click-use licence number C2008002006
 
 
 

 






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 The lock-up at Ashwell is situated at Howdell, SG7 5QQ and is now in a PRIVATE GARDEN. 
It dates to 1800 and it was built with materials gained from a demolished chapel in the village church.
It is said that it fell out of use largely due to one Amos Pammenter who, after being locked up he was given ale by his friends via the door grille and through a straw. He then managed to tunnel out under the floor. The authorities then decided that the lock-up was no longer fit for purpose and it was used to house the village fire engine.

PLEASE RESPECT PRIVATE PROPERTY


 
 ASHWELL


OS Grid Reference: TL2689539773
OS Grid Coordinates: 526895, 239773
Latitude/Longitude: 52.0418, -0.1512


Photo by Paul Marston with expressed permission.

 
It was Grade 11 listed 19.11.1984 (No.162168) and described as :

Village lock-up or cage. Early-mid C19. Small square building with
clunch walls and slate pyramid roof. On W elevation is original studded
plank door in oak frame. Barred iron grill above. Flat wooden eaves.
Listing NGR: TL2689539773

Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence: PSI Click-use licence number C2008002006.

 

 

 
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The Cage at Barley is an interesting timber lock-up, situated in London Road, SG8 8JE
next to the war memorial. It dates to c17th century and was restored in 1970.
It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument.
 
 
 
 

 
 
BARLEY

OS Grid Reference: TL3994138371
OS Grid Coordinates: 539941, 238371
Latitude/Longitude: 52.0261, 0.0383

Photo by Paul Marston with expressed permission.


It was Grade 11 listed 27.5.1968 (No.162557) and described as :

Former village lock-up. C17, restored c.1970. Timber frame. Pyramidal
slate roof. Approximately cubic. Close studded plank and muntin frame
with 8 studs to each side. Door to front was originally open behind
studding, now horizontally boarded. Iron strap hinges. Timber finial.
Scheduled Ancient Monument. (RCHM 1910: VCH 1914: Hertfordshire
Archaeology, vol.2, 1970, p.113: Pevsner 1977).
Listing NGR: TL3994138371


 
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence: PSI Click-use licence number C2008002006.
 
 
 
 
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The lock up or cage at Buntingford is situated at Dell Springs, SG9 9AS
and it dates to the early 18th century. It was restored by The Town Council in 1999.
 
 
 
BUNTINGFORD

OS Grid Reference: TL3634029625
OS Grid Coordinates: 536340, 229625
Latitude/Longitude: 51.9484, -0.0176

Photo's by Mike Bardell with expressed permission.
 

It was Grade 11 listed 12.1.1977 (No.159739) and described as :
 
Town lockup. Early C18, walltop and roof renewed in mid C19.
Red brick in English-bond, top of wall in Flemish-bond with
toothed corbelled top, dark weatherboarding to gable triangles,
and boarded roof covered in sheet iron. A small square building
near the bridge over the River Rib, about 3m x 3m, orientated N-S
with central door on S. Recessed battened and framed door with
decorative ironhinges hung on iron pins from heavyframe under
timber lintol. Shaped ends to wallplates and purlins projecting
at each end. Of special historic interest as a local antiquity.
(VCH (1914) 79).
Listing NGR: TL3634029625
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence: PSI Click-use licence number C2008002006.







 

I am grateful to Mike Bardell for sending me these three photographs.
 
 
 
 
 
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Also known as The Cage, the lock-up at Shenley is more familiar with west country designs.
It is situated alongside the village pond on the B5378, WD7 9EN,
It dates to the 18th century, was repaired in 1810 (datestone) and restored in 1883 & 1990's.
 
 
 
 
SHENLEY

OS Grid Reference: TL1887200732
OS Grid Coordinates: 518872, 200732
Latitude/Longitude: 51.6928, -0.2816

 
Photo by Roy Pledger.
 
It was Grade 11 listed 25.2.1952 (No.164327) and described as :
 
Lock-up. C18, repaired 1810, restored 1893. Cement rendered brick.
Circular with domical top. Pointed head to timber door of 4 planks with
strap hinges. Flanking small openings with iron bars in deep reveals.
Above openings 2 stone tablets inscribed with date 1810 and
'DO WELL.AND FEAR NOT BE SOBER. BE VIGILANT'.
Additional small opening atrear. Plinth. Band at cornice level. Ball finial on top.
(Pevsner 1977:VCH 1923).
Listing NGR: TL1887200732
Source: English Heritage
Listed building text is © Crown Copyright. Reproduced under licence: PSI Click-use licence number C2008002006.
 
 
 
 
 
Photo by Paul Marston with expressed permission.
 
Paul relates :
 
Situated by the village pond is the Cage or ‘lock-up’, a domed-shaped building bearing the inscription ‘Do well. Fear Not. Be sober. Be Vigilant’. The building served as a temporary prison for those accused of offences, until the local constable took them to be charged before the magistrates at Barnet or St Albans Court.

The Cage is thought to date from the 18th century, and is one of the last remaining roundhouse gaols in England.

It is thought that Patrick Connolly, who killed James Grainge - Special Constable & Shenley Shoemaker - in 1823, was held here under guard overnight before being taken to Hertford Gaol. This killing was the first killing of a policeman in Hertfordshire.

The Cage fell into gradual disuse when gaols were built in Barnet and St. Albans. It was used once during the 1914-18 war to confine an army deserter and then again during World War II as an Air Raid Precautions post - complete with telephone.

The Cage has undergone several restorations, most recently in the 1990's.

Information sourced from :-
(
Information sourced from :-
(visit link)
 
 
 
Photo by Julian Osley


© Copyright Julian Osley and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.

I am grateful to Julian Osley for the use of his Geograph photograph.





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